FACT CHECK: Study Claims Natural Gas Will Play Larger Role in Climate Change Than Coal

CLAIM: A new study claims that proposed liquified natural gas (LNG) will play “as large or larger role” as new coal investments in causing global warming. The Global Energy Monitor study said the impact would occur “if all planned projects go ahead.”

RATING

False

FACT CHECK

A 2014 study by the U.S. Department of Energy found the opposite. In fact, the study concluded: “This analysis has determined that the use of U.S. LNG exports for power production in European and Asian markets will not increase (greenhouse gas) emissions, on a life cycle perspective, when compared to regional coal extraction …

IEA: CO2 Emissions 15% Higher Without Natural Gas

A recent report from the International Energy Agency underscored the important role clean-burning natural gas is playing in the U.S. and around the world.

According to the Paris-based organization’s 2019 Global Energy and CO2 Status Report, global CO2 emissions could have been more than 15 percent higher in 2018 if it weren’t for the accelerating transition from coal to gas-fired power plants.

Despite growth in coal use, fuel switching between coal and gas accelerated in 2018, reducing the carbon intensity of global energy use. Driven by economics and policies, coal-to-gas switching avoided almost 60 Mt of coal demand, with